Effects of ozone on DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine formation in A549 cells

Tsun Jen Cheng, Hsuan Peng Kao, Chang Chuan Chan, Wushou P. Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

49 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Animal studies have demonstrated that ozone exposure can induce lung tumors. Recent epidemiological studies have also shown that increased ozone exposure is associated with a greater risk of lung cancer. This study used single-cell gel electrophoresis (the Comet assay) and flow cytometry to investigate DNA damage in A549 cells exposed to ozone levels below the current ambient standard. Cells were exposed to ozone at levels of 0, 60, 80, and 120ppb, and then DNA single-strand breaks and 8-oxoguanine levels were measured. Additionally, the formamidopyrimidine glycosylase (Fpg) repair enzyme was added to the Comet assay to enhance detection of oxidative damage. Vitamins C and E were also added to determine their inhibitory effects on ozone-induced 8-oxoguanine. Measurements of tail length, tail intensity, and tail moment of the Comet assay were shown to correlate with each other. However, tail moment appeared to be more sensitive than the other two indicators in detecting DNA single-strand breaks. Tail moments of cells exposed to 80 and 120ppb of ozone were significantly higher than those exposed to 0ppb (P

頁(從 - 到)279-284
期刊Environmental Research
出版狀態已發佈 - 11月 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境科學 (全部)


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