Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of high-frequency chest wall oscillation for sputum expectoration and hospital length of stay in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The improvements in pulmonary function and oxygenation were also investigated. Patients and Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Automated literature database searches were conducted from the earliest records to March 31, 2022. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool (RoB 2.0), and meta-analysis software (RevMan 5.4) was used to analyze the data. Results: From 5439 identified articles, 13 studies (with 756 patients) were included in this meta-analysis. Compared to other airway clearance techniques, HFCWO significantly increased expectorated sputum volume by 6.18 mL (95% CI: 1.71 to 10.64; I2 = 87%), shortened hospital stay by 4.37 days (95% CI: −7.70 to −1.05; I2 = 84%). However, FEV1 (%), PaO2, and PaCO2 did not improve significantly. Conclusion: AECOPD patients may benefit from HFCWO therapy. HFCWO enables AECOPD patients to excrete more sputum and shorten their hospital stays. However, due to heterogeneity among the included research, these results should be interpreted with caution.
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