Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Relieving Chemotherapy-Induced Bone Marrow Suppression: A Systematic Review with a Meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis

Ya Wen Shih, Mei Hua Wang, Karen A. Monsen, Ching Wen Chang, Yohanes Andy Rias, Hsiu Ting Tsai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

摘要

Objective: Bone marrow suppression is the most common side effect of chemotherapy that may lead to discontinuation for treatment pertaining to patients during the therapy course. Acupuncture may relieve bone marrow suppression with regulation hematopoietic function during chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture in relieving chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression and determine the effects of acupuncture on bone marrow function. Design: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Medline OVID, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, and Chinese articles in the Airiti Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched up to February 2023. Publications in both English and Chinese were eligible for inclusion without any limitations on the publication date. Only randomized controlled trials investigating the impact of acupuncture on chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression were considered. In addition, a trial sequential analysis was performed to assess the adequacy of the current sample size. Results: A total of 25 studies met the inclusion criteria. Acupuncture was found to increase the levels of hematopoietic cytokine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (Hedges’ g = 0.79, p < 0.001), as well as stimulate the production of white blood cells (Hedges’ g = 0.69, p < 0.001), red blood cells (Hedges’ g = 0.37, p = 0.01), neutrophils (Hedges’ g = 0.66, p < 0.001), absolute neutrophil count (Hedges’ g = 0.89, p = 0.01), hemoglobin (Hb) (Hedges’ g = 0.37, p = 0.02), platelets (Hedges’ g = 0.50, p < 0.001), and natural killer (NK) cells (Hedges’ g = 1.30, p = 0.02). Further, the levels of platelets and NK cells were observed to increase cumulatively over time. Conclusions: Acupuncture may improve chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression due to increasing levels of the hematopoietic cytokine, G-CSF and further relieving chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression. PROSPERO Registration: This review was registered with PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: CRD42020185813).
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)621-636
頁數16
期刊Journal of Integrative and Complementary Medicine
29
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 10月 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 補充和替代醫學

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