Purpose: The optimal treatment strategy for pediatric atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) is inconclusive. This study evaluated the prognostic value of early radiotherapy (RT) and high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue (HDC/ASCR) in pediatric ATRT. Methods: This pooled analysis included ATRT patients treated at our institution and from other studies who were identified by a search of the PubMed electronic database. The effect of patient demographics and treatment profiles on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using Cox regression. Results: Overall, 34 patients from our institution and 436 patients from 35 published studies were included. In multivariable analysis, patients with gross total resection (GTR), early RT (time to RT interval < 2 months), and HDC/ASCR had both better PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.46, p< 0.001; HR 0.64, p = 0.011; and HR 0.51, p = 0.005, respectively] and OS (HR 0.55, p = 0.002; HR 0.48, p = 0.004; and HR 0.42, p < 0.001, respectively). For patients aged < 3 years, both RT and HDC/ASCR were significant favorable factors for PFS (HR 0.32 and 0.46, respectively) and OS (HR 0.40 and 0.36, respectively), while early RT was not prognostic. For patients aged ≥ 3 years, early RT was significantly associated with better PFS (HR 0.51) and HDC/ASCR did not affect PFS, and neither was related to OS. Conclusion: Both early RT initiation and HDC/ASCR were important components in the treatment of pediatric ATRT. However, the optimal treatment strategies might differ by age.
ASJC Scopus subject areas