Dietary oxidized frying oil activates hepatic stellate cells and accelerates the severity of carbon tetrachloride- and thioacetamide-induced liver fibrosis in mice

Fat Moon Suk, Fang Yu Hsu, Yi Chieh Lee, Tzu Lang Chen, Wan Chun Chiu, Yi Jen Liao

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Deep-frying is a common cooking practice worldwide, and after repeated heating's, the oil undergoes various chemical reactions, including hydrolysis, polymerization, lipid oxidation, and the Maillard reaction. Studies have pointed out that oxidized dietary frying oil may cause teratogenesis in mice and increase cancer and cardiovascular risks. The liver is the main organ involved in dietary nutrient catabolism, detoxification, bile production, and lipid metabolism. Nevertheless, the effects of oxidized frying oil exposure on the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and liver fibrosis are still unclear. In this study, we showed that exposure to oxidized frying oil enhanced the sensitivity of HSCs to transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-induced α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen 1a2, collagen 1a1, metalloproteinase-2, and phosphorylated smad2/3 activation. In both carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)- and thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis mouse models, we showed that long-term administration of a 10% fried oil-containing diet significantly upregulated fibrogenesis genes expression and deposition of hepatic collagen. Furthermore, long-term fried oil exposure not only promoted macrophage infiltration and increased inflammatory-related gene expression, but also accumulated excess cholesterol and lipid peroxidation in the liver tissues. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that feeding a fried oil-containing diet may trigger TGF-β1-induced HSCs activation and thereby promote liver damage and fibrosis progression through enhancing the inflammatory response and lipid peroxidation.
原文英語
文章編號109267
期刊Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
115
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 5月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 生物化學
  • 分子生物學
  • 營養與營養學
  • 臨床生物化學

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