Cytotoxicity of (-)-vitisin B in human leukemia cells

Shing Sheng Wu, Lih Geeng Chen, Ren-Jye Lin, Shyr Yi Lin, Yueh E. Lo, Yu Chih Liang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

12 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana (VTT) is an indigenous Taiwanese wild grape and is used as a folk medicine in Taiwan. VTT is rich in polyphenols, especially quercetin and resveratrol derivatives, which were demonstrated to exhibit inhibitory activities against carcinogenesis and prevent some neurodegenerative diseases. (-)-Vitisin B is one of the resveratrol tetramers extracted from VTT. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of (-)-vitisin B on the induction of apoptosis in human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells. First, (-)-vitisin B significantly inhibited cell proliferation through inducing cell apoptosis. This effect appeared to occur in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Cell-cycle distribution was also examined, and we found that (-)-vitisin B significantly induced a sub-G1 population in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, (-)-vitisin B exhibited stronger inhibitory effects on cell proliferation than resveratrol. Second, (-)-vitisin B dose dependently induced apoptosis-related protein expressions, such as the cleavage form of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, poly(ADP ribose) polymerase, and the proapoptotic Bax protein. Third, (-)-vitisin B treatment also resulted in increases in c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation and Fas ligand (FasL) expression. Moreover, the (-)-vitisin B-induced FasL expression and caspase-3 activation could be reversed by a JNK inhibitor. These results suggest that (-)-vitisin B-induced apoptosis of leukemia cells might be mediated through activation of JNK and Fas death-signal transduction.
頁(從 - 到)313-319
期刊Drug and Chemical Toxicology
出版狀態已發佈 - 7月 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 毒理學
  • 藥理
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變
  • 化學健康與安全


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