Characteristics of Kawasaki disease in infants younger than six months of age

Feng Yu Chang, Betau Hwang, Sue Jean Chen, Pi Chang Lee, C. C.Laura Meng, Jen Her Lu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

129 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Kawasaki disease is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in childhood. However, there are only a few reports in infants younger than 6 months. The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Kawasaki disease in infants younger than 6 months. Methods: From 1994 to 2003, 120 patients with Kawasaki disease diagnosed at our institution were included. Group 1 consisted of 20 (17%) patients younger than 6 months, and group 2 consisted of 100 (83%) patients older than 6 months. Clinical manifestations, laboratory results, echocardiographic findings, treatment and outcome were compared between these 2 groups. Results: Clinical manifestations (hydrops of gallbladder: 0% versus 16%, P < 0.001) and laboratory results (white blood cell count 21,740 ± 11,706 versus 11,830 ± 4390/mm3, P < 0.001; hemoglobin 9.98 ± 1.25 versus 10.8 ± 1.37 g/dL, P = 0.015; platelet 483 ± 393 versus 355 ± 138 X 1000/mm3, P = 0.011; triglyceride 138 ± 77.5 versus 107 ± 17 mg/dL, P < 0.001) were different between patients with Kawasaki disease younger and older than 6 months, respectively. Younger infants were more likely to have incomplete presentation (35% versus 12%, P = 0.025), coronary involvement (65% versus 19%, P < 0.001), late intravenous immunoglobulin treatment and relatively poor outcome. Conclusions: Infants younger than 6 months with prolonged unexplained febrile illnesses should be suspected as having Kawasaki disease, despite the incomplete clinical presentation. Because early diagnosis and timely treatment are difficult in younger infants with Kawasaki disease because of delayed and incomplete clinical presentations, echocardiogram becomes an important implement for diagnosis. Early intravenous immunoglobulin treatment is required in view of the highest risk of coronary involvement in them.

頁(從 - 到)241-244
期刊Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 兒科、圍產兒和兒童健康
  • 微生物學(醫學)
  • 傳染性疾病


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