Characteristics and risk factors of facial pressure injuries in acute inpatients using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation: A retrospective case control study

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective: To explore the characteristics and risk factors of facial pressure injuries in patients using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Setting and sample: Patients who developed facial pressure injuries due to non-invasive positive pressure ventilation at a teaching hospital in Taiwan from January 2016 to December 2021 were selected, resulting in a total of 108 patients in our case group. A control group was formed by matching each case by age and gender to three acute inpatients who had used non-invasive ventilation but had not developed facial pressure injuries, resulting in 324 patients in the control group. Research methodology: This study was a retrospective case-control study. The characteristics of the patients who developed pressure injuries at different stages in the case group were compared, and the risk factors of non-invasive ventilation-related facial pressure injuries were then determined. Results: Higher duration of non-invasive ventilation usage, higher length of hospital stay, lower Braden scale score, and lower albumin levels in the former group. The results of multivariate analysis from binary logistic regression involving the duration of non-invasive ventilation usage demonstrated that the patients who used this device for 4–9 days and 16 days were at greater risk of facial pressure injuries than those who used it for 3 days; in terms of the Braden scale score, higher Braden scale scores were correlated with a higher risk of facial pressure injuries. In addition, albumin levels lower than the normal range were correlated with a higher risk of facial pressure injuries. Conclusion: Patients with pressure injuries at higher stages had a higher duration of non-invasive ventilation usage, higher length of hospital stay, lower Braden scale scores, and lower albumin levels. Thus, a longer duration of non-invasive ventilation use, lower Braden scale scores, and lower albumin levels were also risk factors for non-invasive ventilation-related facial pressure injuries. Implications for clinical practice: Our results serve as a useful reference for hospitals, both in creating training programs for their medical teams to prevent and treat facial pressure injuries and in drafting guidelines for assessing risk in order to prevent facial pressure injuries caused by non-invasive ventilation. The duration of device usage, Braden scale scores, and albumin levels in particular should be seriously monitored to reduce the occurrence of facial pressure injuries in acute inpatients treated with non-invasive ventilation.

原文英語
文章編號103453
期刊Intensive and Critical Care Nursing
78
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 10月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 重症護理護理

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