Purposes The objectives of this study are to use diode lasers for low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and to assess its applicability and effects in adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) growth processes. Methods Studies were conducted on the diode laser with wavelengths of 622.7, 527.1, and 467.3 nm. The mechanism of action of LLL illumination was studied on ADSCs, isolated from human tissue, and then cultured by examining different wavelengths to determine the relevant light parameters for optimal responses. We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time polymerase chain to determine the percentages of fibroblast-mediated procollagen type 1 and matrix metallopeptidase 1 (MMP-1), MMP-2, and MMP-9 production at different wavelengths. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase produced by ADSCs after LLL illumination were assessed as well. Clinical results from 20 patients treated for soft tissue deficiency were collected for assessment of ADSC-assisted lipotransfer. Results Low-level laser (622.7 nm) illumination on cell cultures in vitro increased ADSCs proliferation, type 1 procollagen expression, collagen production, as well as MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 relative expression. Statistical analysis demonstrated a significant difference in red light (622.7 nm) versus green light (527.1 nm) and blue light (467.3 nm, P < 0.05). No significant differences were noted between the effects of green and blue lights. In clinical application, all patients attained significant improvement with treatment in the final outcome assessment after 6 months. Conclusions Low-level laser illumination may affect ADSCs growth processes and ADSC-assisted lipotransfer for soft tissue deformity, scar treatment, wound healing, and other reconstructive surgery.
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