The pelvis is one of the most stressed areas of the human musculoskeletal system due to the transfer of truncal loads to the lower extremities. Sacroiliac joint injury may lead to abnormal joint mechanics and an unstable pelvis. Various fixation techniques have been evaluated and discussed. However, it may be difficult to investigate each technique due to variations in bone quality, bone anatomy, fracture pattern, and fixation location. Additionally, the finite element method is one useful technology that avoids these variations. Unfortunately, most previous studies neglected the effects of the lumbar spine and femurs when they investigated the biomechanics of pelvises. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical performance of intact, injured, and treated pelvises using numerical and experimental approaches. Three-dimensional finite element models of the spine-pelvis-femur complex with and without muscles and ligaments were developed. The intact pelvis, the pelvis with sacroiliac joint injury, and three types of pelvic fixation techniques were analyzed. Concurrently, biomechanical tests were conducted to validate the numerical outcomes using artificial pelvises. Posterior iliosacral screw fixation showed relatively better fixation stability and lower risks of implant failure and pelvic breakage than sacral bar fixation and a locking compression plate fixation. The present study can help surgeons and engineers understand the biomechanics of intact, injured, and treated pelvises. Both the simulation technique and the experimental setup can be applied to investigate different pelvic injuries.
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