Objective: This study hypothesized that the suture anchor of tibial fixation method of PMMR repair technique is the main factor which reduce the gap formation or over displacement of tear site in initial healing, and then investigated the fixation stability of 4 different tibial fixations through cyclic and ultimate failure load testing of meniscal root sutures. Methods: Twenty-four porcine tibiae with intact medial meniscus roots were randomly assigned into 4 groups: transosseous suture, washer, suture anchor, or screw with washer. Each sample underwent cyclic loading followed by a load-to-failure test. Displacement, maximum load to failure, stiffness, and elongation at failure load were recorded. Results: The maximum average load and displacement at failure for each of the repair groups were as follows: transosseous suture, 232.8 N and 12.16 mm; washer, 189.9 N and 21.5 mm; suture anchor, 140.6 N and 13.8 mm; and screw with washer, 167.9 N and 18.9 mm. The maximum stiffness values for each of the repair groups were as follows: transosseous suture, 19.5 ± 0.7 N/mm; washer, 21.5 ± 1.4 N/mm; suture anchor, 13.8 ± 0.7 N/mm; and screw with washer, 18.9 ± 3.9 N/mm. The mean elongation across the repairs for each of the repair groups after 1000 loading cycles was: transosseous suture, 3.74 ± 0.28 mm; washer, 3.04 ± 0.13 mm; suture anchor, 2.25 ± 0.33 mm; and screw with washer, 2.43 ± 0.19 mm. The mean elongation was significantly less with the suture anchor than with the other techniques (p < .05). Conclusion: Under physiological loading, our results indicate that a slower rehabilitation program with limited flexion and only partial weight bearing is advised when using a suture anchor because of the lower maximum load and stiffness. The translational potential of this article: Tibial fixation using a washer or a screw with a washer is an effective and cost-saving technique when an option is required with high stiffness and low displacement at failure.
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