Baicalein Preconditioning Cardioprotection Involves Pro-Oxidant Signaling and Activation of Pyruvate Dehydrogenase

Jing Li, Wei Tien Chang, Gina Qin, Kimberly R. Wojcik, Chang Qing Li, Chin Wang Hsu, Mei Han, Xiangdong Zhu, Terry L.Vanden Hoek, Zuo Hui Shao

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審


Preconditioning has a powerful protective potential against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). Our prior work demonstrated that baicalein, a flavonoid derived from the root of Scatellaria baicalensis Georgi (also known as Huangqin), confers this preconditioning protection. This study further explored the mechanisms of baicalein preconditioning (BC-PC) in mouse cardiomyocytes. Cells were treated with baicalein (10 μM) for a brief period of time (10 min) prior to simulated ischemia 90 min/reperfusion for 180 min. Baicalein triggered an induction of a small amount of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) prior to the initiation of ischemia, assessed by 6-carboxy-2′, 7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (6-carboxy-H2DCFDA). It also significantly increased cell viability measured by propidium iodide (PI) and lactate dehydrogenase and preserved mitochondrial membrane potential assessed by TMRM fluorescence intensity. Myxothiazol, a mitochondrial electron transport chain complex III inhibitor, partially blocked ROS generation induced by BC-PC and reduced cell viability. BC-PC increased phosphorylation of Akt (Thr308 and Ser473) and eNOS Ser1177, and nitric oxide (NO) production measured using 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate (DAF-2 DA, 1 μM). Akt inhibitor API-2 abolished Akt phosphorylation and reduced DAF-2 production and cell viability. In addition, BC-PC decreased phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) reflecting upregulated PDH activity, and increased ATP production at 30 min during reperfusion. Taken together, baicalein preconditioning-induced cardioprotection involves pro-oxidant generation, activates survival signaling Akt/eNOS/NO, and improves metabolic recovery after I/R injury. Our work provides new perspectives on the effect of baicalein on cardiac preconditioning against I/R injury.

頁(從 - 到)1255-1267
期刊American Journal of Chinese Medicine
出版狀態已發佈 - 5月 31 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 補充和替代醫學


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