Epidemiological studies identified the relationship between air pollution and pulmonary tuberculosis. Effects of lung-deposited dose of particulate matter (PM) on culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis remain unclear. This study investigates the association between lung-deposited dose of PM and pulmonary tuberculosis pleurisy. A case-control study of subjects undergoing pleural effusion drainage of pulmonary tuberculosis (case) and chronic heart failure (control) was conducted. Metals and biomarkers were quantified in the pleural effusion. The air pollution exposure was measured and PM deposition in the head, tracheobronchial, alveolar region, and total lung region was estimated by Multiple-path Particle Dosimetry (MPPD) Model. We performed multiple logistic regression to examine the associations of these factors with the risk of tuberculosis. We observed that 1-μg/m3 increase in PM10 was associated with 1.226-fold increased crude odds ratio (OR) of tuberculosis (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.023–1.469, p<0.05), 1-μg/m3 increase in PM2.5-10 was associated with 1.482-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.048–2.097, p < 0.05), 1-ppb increase in NO2 was associated with 1.218-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.025–1.447, p < 0.05), and 1-ppb increase in O3 was associated with 0.735-fold decreased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 0.542 0.995). We observed 1-μg/m3 increase in PM deposition in head and nasal region was associated with 1.699-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.065–2.711, p < 0.05), 1-μg/m3 increase in PM deposition in tracheobronchial region was associated with 1.592-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.095–2.313, p < 0.05), 1-μg/m3 increase in PM deposition in alveolar region was associated with 3.981-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.280–12.386, p < 0.05), and 1-μg/m3 increase in PM deposition in total lung was associated with 1.511-fold increased crude OR of tuberculosis (95% CI: 1.050–2.173, p < 0.05). The results indicate that particle deposition in alveolar region could cause higher risk of pulmonary tuberculosis pleurisy than deposition in other lung regions.
|頁（從 - 到）||6140-6150|
|期刊||Environmental Science and Pollution Research|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 1月 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas