Objective: Although a large number of endometrial cancer patients are cured with surgery alone, there are significant numbers of patients with more aggressive variants of endometrial carcinoma for whom the prognosis remains poor. We investigated the effects of prevalence, histotypes, and immunohistochemical profiles on prognostic value in a hospital-based population. Materials and methods: A retrospective study of surgically resected primary endometrial carcinoma was included. Immunohistochemical stains were performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue microarray sections for β-Catenin, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER-2, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and p53. Results: Loss of mismatch repair expression was detected in 25.4% of samples (29/114, mean age 57 years) of the tumors. The following loss of expression was observed in patients: MLH1/PMS2 in 16.6% of patients, MSH6 in 7.0% of patients, MLH1 in 0.9% of patients, and MSH6/PMS2/MLH1 in 0.9% of patients. Immunohistochemistry of p53 was analyzed for 111 patients. A total of 13 patients (11.7%, mean age 64 years) had p53-abnormal expression (absent, cytoplasmic or diffuse strong positive patterns), and more than half (9/13, 69.2%) had endometrioid histotype. Abnormalities in p53 were significantly associated with histotype (p = 0.001), advanced tumor stage (p = 0.038), death of disease (p = 0.002), PR percentage (p = 0.002), and HER-2 expression (p = 0.018). Immunohistochemical nuclear localization of β-Catenin was detected in 7.1% of the cohort. The combination of p53 and nuclear β-Catenin expressions was not significantly predictive of disease-free or overall survival. Conclusion: The results of this study are useful for management of endometrial cancer in patients with DNA mismatch repair, abnormal p53 expression, or nuclear localization of β-Catenin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas