Application of two-stage fuzzy set theory to river quality evaluation in Taiwan

Shiow Mey Liou, Shang Lien Lo, Ching Yao Hu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

112 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


An indicator model for evaluating trends in river quality using a two-stage fuzzy set theory to condense efficiently monitoring data is proposed. This candidate data reduction method uses fuzzy set theory in two analysis stages and constructs two different kinds of membership degree functions to produce an aggregate indicator of water quality. First, membership functions of the standard River pollution index (RPI) indicators, DO, BOD5, SS, and NH3-N are constructed as piecewise linear distributions on the interval [0,1], with the critical variables normalized in four degrees of membership (0, 0.33, 0.67 and 1). The extension of the convergence of the fuzzy c-means (FCM) methodology is then used to construct a second membership set from the same normalized variables as used in the RPI estimations. Weighted sums of the similarity degrees derived from the extensions of FCM are used to construct an alternate overall index, the River quality index (RQI). The RQI provides for more logical analysis of disparate surveillance data than the RPI, resulting in a more systematic, less ambiguous approach to data integration and interpretation. In addition, this proposed alternative provides a more sensitive indication of changes in quality than the RPI. Finally, a case study of the Keeling River is presented to illustrate the application and advantages of the RQI.

頁(從 - 到)1406-1416
期刊Water Research
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境工程
  • 土木與結構工程
  • 生態建模
  • 水科學與技術
  • 廢物管理和處置
  • 污染


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