Anti-osteoporosis drugs reduce mortality in cancer patients: A national cohort study of elderly with vertebral fractures

Chun Feng Huang, Tzu Tung Kuo, Jason C. Hsu, Russell O. Kosik, Wing P. Chan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Introduction: The most prevalent type of fragility fractures is osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). However, only a few studies have examined the relationship between anti-osteoporosis treatments and malignancy-related mortality following an OVF. The goal of this study is to determine the effect of anti-osteoporosis therapy on mortality in OVF patients with and without cancer. Method: Data from older people over the age of 65 who were hospitalised for OVFs between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2018 were analysed retrospectively. A total of 6139 persons getting osteoporosis treatment and 28,950 who did not receive treatment were analysed, together with 2 sets of patients, comprising cancer patients (794) and cancer-free patients (5342), using anti-osteoporosis medication or not, in 1:1 propensity score-matched analyses. The hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Results: In all, 35,089 patients with OVFs were included in the population; 29,931 people (85.3%) were women, and the mean (standard deviation) age was 78.13 (9.27) years. Overall survival was considerably higher in those undergoing osteoporosis therapy. This was true both for those without cancer (adjusted HR 0.55; 95% CI 0.51–0.59; P<.0001) as well as those with cancer (adjusted HR 0.72; 95% CI 0.62–0.84; P<.0001). Even among cancer patients, those who received anti-osteoporotic drugs had a lower mortality rate than those who did not. Concl usi on: Our f i ndi ngs suggest t hat ant i-osteoporosis therapy should be initiated regardless of the presence of cancer in the elderly, as it increases survival following OVFs.
頁(從 - 到)6-14
期刊Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般醫學


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