Alternation of social behaviors for zebrafish (Danio rerio) in response to acute cold stress

Sian Tai Liu, Chun Yung Chang, Kuang Yung Lee, Sok Keng Tong, Han Liang Huang, Hsi Chen, Jiun Lin Horng, Ming Yi Chou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Low temperature is one of the most common abiotic stresses for aquatic ectotherms. Ambient low temperatures reduce the metabolic rate of teleosts, therefore, teleosts have developed strategies to modulate their physiological status for energy saving in response to cold stress, including behaviors, circulatory system, respiratory function, and metabolic adjustments. Many teleosts are social animals and they can live in large schools to serve a variety of functions, including predator avoidance, foraging efficiency, and reproduction. However, the impacts of acute cold stress on social behaviors of fish remain unclear. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that zebrafish alter their social behaviors for energy saving as a strategy in response to acute cold stress. We found that acute cold stress increased shoaling behavior that reflected a save-energy strategy for fish to forage and escape from the predators under cold stress. The aggressive levels measured by fighting behavior tests and mirror fighting tests were reduced by cold treatment. In addition, we also found that acute cold stress impaired the learning ability but did not affect memory. Our findings provided evidence that acute cold stress alters the social behaviors of aquatic ectotherms for energy saving; knowledge of their responses to cold is essential for their conservation and management.
頁(從 - 到)653-666
期刊Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理學
  • 生物化學
  • 海洋科學


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