Acupressure Improves Cognition and Quality of Life Among Older Adults with Cognitive Disorders in Long-Term Care Settings: A Clustered Randomized Controlled Trial

Yen Kuang Lin, Hsien Yin Liao, Karen Watson, Tzu Pei Yeh, I. Hui Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of acupressure on cognition and quality of life (QoL) among older adults with cognitive disorders residing in long-term care (LTC) settings. Design: A clustered, randomized, assessor-blinded, controlled trial with a repeated measures design. Setting and Participants: Participants were recruited from residential care facilities in Taiwan from August 2020 to February 2021. Ninety-two older residents in 18 facilities were randomized to either the intervention arm (9 facilities, n = 46) or the control arm (9 facilities, n = 46). Methods: Acupressure was performed at Baihui (GV20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), Shenting (GV24), Fengchi (GB20), Shuigou (GV26), Neiguan (PC6), Shenmen (HT7), and Zusanli (ST36). The duration for pressing each acupoint was 3 minutes. The acupressure force was maintained at 3 kg. Acupressure was performed once a day 5 times a week for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI). Secondary outcomes included the digit span backward test, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (perseverative responses, perseverative errors, and categories completed), semantic fluency tests of categories of animals, fruits, and vegetables, and the Quality of Life–Alzheimer's Disease (QoL-AD). Data were collected at preintervention and postintervention. Three-level mixed effects models were performed. This study complied with the CONSORT checklist. Results: After adjusting for covariates, there was a significant increase in CASI scores, the digit span backward test, perseverative responses, perseverative errors, categories completed, semantic fluency tests of categories, and QoL-AD scores in the intervention versus control arm at 3 months. Conclusions and Implications: This study provides support for the use of acupressure to improve cognition and QoL during care among older residents with cognitive disorders in LTC settings. Acupressure can be integrated into aged care practice to improve cognition and QoL of older residents with cognitive disorders in LTC settings.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)548-554
頁數7
期刊Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
24
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般護理
  • 健康政策
  • 老年病學和老年學

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