A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials: efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapies for the management of functional and recurrent abdominal pain disorders in children and adolescents

Jia Yi Chen, Sheng Ni Chen, Che Hsiung Lee, Yu Jui Huang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for pain relief in children and adolescents with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). However, few studies have focused on the FAPDs specifically and the medium-term or long-term results of CBT. In this meta-analysis, we investigated the efficacy of CBT in pediatric FAPDs and unclassified chronic or recurrent abdominal pain (CAP and RAP, respectively). We searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for related randomized controlled trials until August 2021. Eventually, 10 trials with 872 participants were included. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed, and data on two primary and four secondary outcomes of interest were extracted. We used the standardized mean difference (SMD) to measure the same outcome, and precisions of effect sizes were reported as 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We found that CBT had significantly positive effects on reducing pain intensity immediately (SMD: −0.54 [CI: −0.9, −0.19], p = 0.003), 3 months after the intervention (SMD: −0.55; [CI: −1.01, −0.1], p = 0.02) and 12 months after the intervention (SMD: −0.32; [CI: −0.56, −0.08], p = 0.008). CBT also reduced the severity of gastrointestinal symptoms, depression, and solicitousness, improved the quality of life and decreased the total social cost. Future studies should consider uniform interventions in the control group and comparing different CBT delivery methods.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)438-459
頁數22
期刊Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
52
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 臨床心理學

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