A review of risk factors and patterns of motorcycle injuries

Mau Roung Lin, Jess F. Kraus

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

333 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Per vehicle mile traveled, motorcycle riders have a 34-fold higher risk of death in a crash than people driving other types of motor vehicles. While lower-extremity injuries most commonly occur in all motorcycle crashes, head injuries are most frequent in fatal crashes. Helmets and helmet use laws have been shown to be effective in reducing head injuries and deaths from motorcycle crashes. Alcohol is the major contributing factor to fatal crashes. Enforcement of legal limits on the blood alcohol concentration is effective in reducing motorcycle deaths, while some alcohol-related interventions such as a minimal legal drinking age, increased alcohol excise taxes, and responsible beverage service specifically for motorcycle riders have not been examined. Other modifiable protective or risk factors comprise inexperience and driver training, conspicuity and daytime headlight laws, motorcycle licensure and ownership, riding speed, and risk-taking behaviors. Features of motorcycle use and potentially effective prevention programs for motorcycle crash injuries in developing countries are discussed. Finally, recommendations for future motorcycle-injury research are made.

頁(從 - 到)710-722
期刊Accident Analysis and Prevention
出版狀態已發佈 - 7月 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 安全、風險、可靠性和品質
  • 人因工程和人體工學
  • 法律
  • 醫藥 (全部)


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