A phase II study of S-1 plus oral leucovorin in heavily treated metastatic colorectal cancer patients

Hung Chih Hsu, Wen Chi Chou, Feng Che Kuan, Kuan Der Lee, Kun Ming Rau, Jen Seng Huang, Tsai Sheng Yang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Purpose: Fewer treatment options are available for refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In early trials, S-1 monotherapy was effective for mCRC patients after chemotherapy failure and its combination with oral leucovorin therapy offers promising results in untreated mCRC. Hence, we conduct a Phase II trial to assess the efficacy of S-1 plus oral leucovorin (SL) in refractory mCRC that progressed after multiple prior standard therapies. Methods: In this open-label, single-arm study, we enrolled the refractory mCRC patients who received fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan treatment and at least one targeted therapy previously. The doses of SL were 40–60 and 30 mg twice daily separately. They were administered for 7 days in a 2-week cycle. Treatment was continued until disease progression. Results: Of the 41 enrolled patients, 36 patients were evaluable with 61.1% disease control rate. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 2.55 and 7.63 months, respectively. Regression change in tumor size stayed 10%–20% in five patients (13.9%) through 18 weeks after treatment, and two patients continued free from tumor progression at 30 and 42 weeks. Compared with moderate heavily pretreated mCRC patient subgroup (≤4 prior regimens), the severe heavily pretreated subgroup (≥5 prior regimens) showed similar disease control rate and survival benefit. Grade 3 or higher toxicities were documented only in 11 patients (26.8%). Conclusion: SL shows potential as a salvage regimen in refractory mCRC patients especially in the severe heavily pretreated setting and is well tolerated in these patients.
頁(從 - 到)6061-6070
期刊Cancer Management and Research
出版狀態已發佈 - 1月 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘤科


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