A nursing note-aware deep neural network for predicting mortality risk after hospital discharge

Yong Zhen Huang, Yan Ming Chen, Chih Cheng Lin, Hsiao Yean Chiu, Yung Chun Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審


Background: ICU readmissions and post-discharge mortality pose significant challenges. Previous studies used EHRs and machine learning models, but mostly focused on structured data. Nursing records contain crucial unstructured information, but their utilization is challenging. Natural language processing (NLP) can extract structured features from clinical text. This study proposes the Crucial Nursing Description Extractor (CNDE) to predict post-ICU discharge mortality rates and identify high-risk patients for unplanned readmission by analyzing electronic nursing records. Objective: Developed a deep neural network (NurnaNet) with the ability to perceive nursing records, combined with a bio-clinical medicine pre-trained language model (BioClinicalBERT) to analyze the electronic health records (EHRs) in the MIMIC III dataset to predict the death of patients within six month and two year risk. Design: A cohort and system development design was used. Setting(s): Based on data extracted from MIMIC-III, a database of critically ill in the US between 2001 and 2012, the results were analyzed. Participants: We calculated patients' age using admission time and date of birth information from the MIMIC dataset. Patients under 18 or over 89 years old, or who died in the hospital, were excluded. We analyzed 16,973 nursing records from patients' ICU stays. Methods: We have developed a technology called the Crucial Nursing Description Extractor (CNDE), which extracts key content from text. We use the logarithmic likelihood ratio to extract keywords and combine BioClinicalBERT. We predict the survival of discharged patients after six months and two years and evaluate the performance of the model using precision, recall, the F1-score, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve), the area under the curve (AUC), and the precision–recall curve (PR curve). Results: The research findings indicate that NurnaNet achieved good F1-scores (0.67030, 0.70874) within six months and two years. Compared to using BioClinicalBERT alone, there was an improvement in performance of 2.05 % and 1.08 % for predictions within six months and two years, respectively. Conclusions: CNDE can effectively reduce long-form records and extract key content. NurnaNet has a good F1-score in analyzing the data of nursing records, which helps to identify the risk of death of patients after leaving the hospital and adjust the regular follow-up and treatment plan of relevant medical care as soon as possible.
期刊International Journal of Nursing Studies
出版狀態已發佈 - 8月 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般護理


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