The betanodavirus B2 protein targets mitochondria and triggers mitochondrion-mediated cell death signaling in lung cancer cells; however, its molecular mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we observed that B2 triggers hydrogen peroxide/Nrf2-involved stress signals in the dynamic regulation of non-small lung cancer cell (NSCLC)-programmed cell death. Here, the B2 protein works as a necrotic inducer that triggers lung cancer death via p53 upregulation and RIP3 expression, suggesting a new perspective on lung cancer therapy. We employed the B2 protein to target A549 lung cancer cells and solid tumors in NOD/SCID mice. Tumors were collected and processed for the hematoxylin and eosin staining of tissue and cell sections, and their sera were used for blood biochemistry analysis. We observed that B2 killed an A549 cell-induced solid tumor in NOD/SCID mice; however, the mutant ΔB2 did not. In NOD/SCID mice, B2 (but not ΔB2) induced both p53/Bax-mediated apoptosis and RIPK3-mediated necroptosis. Finally, immunochemistry analysis showed hydrogen peroxide /p38/Nrf2 stress strongly inhibited the production of tumor markers CD133, Thy1, and napsin, which correlate with migration and invasion in cancer cells. This B2-triggered, ROS/Nrf2-mediated stress signal triggered multiple signals via pathways that killed A549 lung cancer tumor cells in vivo. Our results provide novel insight into lung cancer management and drug therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)