Volumetric analysis of artifacts from fiducial markers under cone beam computed tomography

Hsin Yu Kuo, Kuan Ling Lin, Ching Ying Hsu, Po Sung Fu, Chun Cheng Hung, Seung Jun Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract Background/purpose: Computer aided implant surgery has been widely adopted in modern implant dentistry. However, absence of reliable anatomic landmarks for superimposing digital data sets for patients with terminal dentition or complete edentulism remained challenging. Utilization of additional fiducial markers intraorally as the reference points for the improvement of accuracy became crucial in implant digital workflow. Nevertheless, the choice of the material for fiducial markers should present the least radiographic artifacts under cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for better accuracy. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the volume of radiographic artifacts generated through different materials under the image of CBCT. Materials and methods: Fifteen dental materials were selected and configured into cubic shape. All the materials were scanned initially with the laboratory scanner as the control groups. The samples were scanned by CBCT machine as test groups and the volume of artifact generated under CBCT images were compared and analyzed using 3D modeling software. Results: Eleven out of fifteen materials could be recognized under CBCT images. Volumetric analysis reported that statistically significant differences among the materials could be noted, and the flowable composite resin presented the least volumetric difference. Lithium disilicate glass-ceramic, flowable composite resin, and gutta-percha presented the least deformation and maintained their cubic shapes. Conclusion: The results of the present study may imply that flowable composite resin compared to all ceramic materials, amalgam and gutta-percha may be a preferable choice when utilized as fiducial markers under CBCT images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1004-1011
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Alignment
  • Artifacts
  • CBCT
  • Fiducial markers
  • Volumetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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