Valuation of the EQ-5D-5L in Taiwan

Hsiang Wen Lin, Chia Ing Li, Fang Ju Lin, Jen Yu Chang, Churn Shiouh Gau, Nan Luo, A. Simon Pickard, Juan M. Ramos Goñi, Chao Hsiun Tang, Chien Ning Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives To date, a value set for the EQ-5D-5L based on the health state preferences of the general Taiwanese population has not been available. This study aimed to develop a Taiwanese value set for EQ-5D-5L to facilitate health technology assessment for medical products and services. Methods An international standardized protocol for EQ-5D-5L valuation studies developed by the EuroQol group was adopted. Adult members of the general public were recruited from six geographic regions in Taiwan. In computer-based face-to-face interviews, each participant completed 10 composite time trade-off (C-TTO) tasks and 7 discrete choice experiment (DCE) tasks. The C-TTO and DCE data were modeled alone or in combination (using hybrid models) with additive models containing 20 dummy variables as main effects. The model performance was assessed both quantitatively and qualitatively (mainly logical consistency and prediction patterns). Results Of 1,073 recruited participants, 1,000 completed the study. Approximately 13% of observed utility values were -1 in the C-TTO tasks. The hybrid model, using all available data that assumed C-TTO response values left-censored at -1 and with main effects coefficients with logical consistency (monotonicity), was considered as the most appropriate model. The predicted utility ranged from -1.0259 to 1. Conclusions An EQ-5D-5L value set was developed for Taiwan using an established study protocol and a representative sample of the general population. This may facilitate health economic evaluations and decision making on resource allocation under Taiwan’s national health insurance program in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0209344
JournalPLoS One
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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