Validity and reliability of the spiritual care competency scale for oncology nurses in Taiwan

Hui Fen Fang, Henny Dwi Susanti, Lindelwa Portia Dlamini, Nae Fang Miao, Min Huey Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Nurses must have spiritual competence to provide holistic patient care. Therefore, the designed instrument to assess nurses’ competence could be a practical guide for health care professionals. This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the spiritual care competency scale (SCCS) for oncology nurses in Taiwan. Methods: This study used a convenience sample from a regional teaching hospital in Taiwan from November 2017 to February 2019, who were asked to complete the SCCS. We employed scale-content validity index (S-CVI). Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was also used to evaluate the structural factor of SCCS. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) verified the construct validity of SCCS scale for oncology nurses in Taiwan. Test–retest reliability were also measured in this study at 2-week interval. Results: The average S-CVI of SCCS was 0.96. The EFA produced four factors of 27 items, such as professionalization, improving the quality of spiritual care, personal support, patient counseling and referral, attitude towards patient spirituality and communication, assessment, implementation providing and evaluation of spiritual care. Fitting the 27 items yielded an acceptable model fit; X2/df = 2.41, RMSEA = 0.08, GFI = 0.80, AGFI = 0.80, CFI = 0.92, IFI = 0.92, NFI = 0.90, RFI = 0.90, TLI = 0.91, SRMR = 0.06. Cronbach’s alpha values were between 0.93 and 0.95, and the total Cronbach’s alpha was 0.96. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) scores were between 0.43 and 0.88. Conclusions: The result of this study demonstrated satisfactory validity and reliability for the SCCS in the nursing field in Taiwan. Implications for practice in this study serves as a reference for effectively evaluating nursing competency in spiritual care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalBMC Palliative Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Nursing staff
  • Reproducibility of results
  • Spirituality
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spiritual Therapies
  • Humans
  • Taiwan
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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