This study compared the ankle-brachial index (ABI) with transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2) in assessing peripheral vascular disease (PVD) prevalence in 100 diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) patients. Patients were categorized into vascular or nonvascular reconstruction groups and underwent both ABI and TcPO2 measurements four times over 6 months. Predictive validity for PVD diagnosis was analysed using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC). The study found TcPO2 to be a superior predictor of PVD than ABI. Among the DFU patients, 51 with abnormal TcPO2 values underwent vascular reconstruction. Only TcPO2 values showed significant pretreatment differences between the groups and increased post-reconstruction. These values declined over a 6-month follow-up, whereas ABI values rose. For those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), TcPO2 values saw a sharp decrease within 3 months. Pre-reconstruction TcPO2 was notably lower in amputation patients versus limb salvage surgery patients. In conclusion, TcPO2 is more effective than ABI for evaluating ischemic limb perfusion and revascularization necessity. It should be prioritized as the primary follow-up tool, especially for ESRD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14635
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • amputation
  • diabetic foot ulcer
  • end-stage renal disease
  • peripheral vascular disease
  • transcutaneous oxygen pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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