While evidence is accumulating that platelets contribute to tissue destruction in tuberculosis (TB) disease, it is still not known whether antiplatelet agents are beneficial to TB patients. We performed this retrospective cohort study and identified incident TB cases in the Taiwan National Tuberculosis Registry from 2008 to 2014. These cases were further classified into antiplatelet users and non-users according to the use of antiplatelet agents prior to the TB diagnosis, and the cohorts were matched using propensity scores (PSs). The primary outcome was survival after a TB diagnosis. In total, 74,753 incident TB cases were recruited; 9497 (12.7%) were antiplatelet users, and 7764 (10.4%) were aspirin (ASA) users. A 1:1 PS-matched cohort with 8864 antiplatelet agent users and 8864 non-users was created. After PS matching, antiplatelet use remained associated with a longer survival (adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.88–0.95, p < 0.0001). The risk of major bleeding was not elevated in antiplatelet users compared to non-users (p = 0.604). This study shows that use of antiplatelet agents has been associated with improved survival in TB patients. The immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of antiplatelet agents in TB disease warrant further investigation. Antiplatelets are promising as an adjunct anti-TB therapy.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2019|
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