Unveiling the Nanoparticle-Seeded Catalytic Nucleation Kinetics of Perovskite Solar Cells by Time-Resolved GIXS

Chung Yao Lin, Shao Sian Li, Je Wei Chang, Hao Chung Chia, Yu Yun Hsiao, Chun Jen Su, Bing Jun Lian, Cheng Yen Wen, Shao Ku Huang, Wei Ru Wu, Di Yan Wang, An Chung Su, Chun Wei Chen, U. Ser Jeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, a new seeding growth approach for perovskite thin films is reported to significantly enhance the device performance of perovskite solar cells. This work unveils the intermediate structures and the corresponding growth kinetics during conversion to perovskite crystal thin films assisted by seeding PbS nanocrystals (NCs), using time-resolved grazing-incidence X-ray scattering. Through analyses of time-resolved crystal formation kinetics obtained from synchrotron X-rays with a fast subsecond probing time resolution, an important “catalytic” role of the seed-like PbS NCs is clearly elucidated. The perovskite precursor-capped PbS NCs are found to not only accelerate the nucleation of a highly oriented intermediate phase, but also catalyze the conversion of the intermediate phase into perovskite crystals with a reduced activation energy Ea = 47 (±5) kJ mol−1, compared to 145 (±38) kJ mol−1 for the pristine perovskite thin film. The reduced Ea is attributed to a designated crystal lattice alignment of the perovskite nanocrystals with perovskite cubic crystals; the pivotal heterointerface alignment of the perovskite crystals coordinated by the Pb NCs leads to an improved film surface morphology with less pinholes and enhanced crystal texture and thermal stability. These together contribute to the significantly improved photovoltaic performance of the corresponding devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902582
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • catalytic additives
  • grazing-incidence X-ray scattering
  • heterogeneous interface
  • organo-lead trihalide perovskite
  • PbS nanocrystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Unveiling the Nanoparticle-Seeded Catalytic Nucleation Kinetics of Perovskite Solar Cells by Time-Resolved GIXS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this