Unusual acute complications of carotid cavernous fistula: Therapeutic options

Fong Y. Tsai, K. W. Lee, C. J. Chen, S. J. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We aimed to demonstrate the complications of carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) and their correlation with venous hypertension. From August 2000 to April 2008 we performed more than 2400 catheter angiographic procedures. Among those, six unusual cases presented acute complications of CCF. The presented complications of CCF from our cases showed apossible correlation with venous hypertension. With the experiences from our cases, venous hypertension may complicate CCF with a poor prognosis. The condition should be carefully evaluated and if present prompt treatment is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-809
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Carotid
  • Cavernous
  • Fistula
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hypertension
  • Venous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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