Underestimated Ischemic Heart Disease in Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events after Septicemia Discharge

Chih Chun Hsiao, Yao Ming Huang, Yin Han Chang, Hui Chen Lin, Wu Chien Chien, Chun Gu Cheng, Chun An Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objectives: Sepsis increases cardiovascular disease and causes death. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) without acute myocardial infarction has been discussed less, and the relationship between risk factors and IHD in septicemia survivors within six months is worthy of in-depth study. Our study demonstrated the incidence of IHD and the possible risk factors for IHD in septicemia patients within six months. Materials and Methods: An inpatient dataset of the Taiwanese Longitudinal Health Insurance Database between 2001 and 2003 was used. The events were defined as rehospitalization of stroke and IHD after discharge or death within six months after the first septicemia hospitalization. The relative factors of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and IHD were identified by multivariate Cox proportional regression. Results: There were 4323 septicemia survivors and 404 (9.3%) IHD. New-onset atrial fibrillation had a haz-ard ratio (HR) of 1.705 (95% confidence interval (C.I.): 1.156–2.516) for MACEs and carried a 184% risk with HR 2.836 (95% C.I.: 1.725–4.665) for IHD by adjusted area and other risk factors. Conclusions: This study explored advanced-aged patients who experienced more severe septicemia with new-onset atrial fibrillation, which increases the incidence of IHD in MACEs within six months of septicemia. Therefore, healthcare providers must identify patients with a higher IHD risk and modify risk factors beforehand.

Original languageEnglish
Article number753
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • ischemic heart disease
  • risk
  • septicemia survivors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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