89 Citations (Scopus)


Chondrogenic differentiation by mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) is associated with cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) and dexamethasone. Extracellular matrix (ECM) also regulates the differentiation by MPCs. To define whether ECM plays a functional role in regulation of the chondrogenic differentiation by MPCs, an in vitro model was used. That model exposed to dexamethasone, recombinant human TGF-β1(rhTGF-β1) and collagens. The results showed that MPCs incorporated with dexamethasone and rhTGF-β1 increased proliferation and expression of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) after 14 days. Type II collagen enhanced the GAG synthesis, but did not increase alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. When adding dexamethasone and rhTGF-β1 MPCs increased mRNA expression of Sox9. Incorporation with type II collagen, dexamethasone and rhTGF-β1, MPCs induced mRNA expression of aggrecan and enhanced levels of type II collagen, and Sox9 mRNA. In contrast, incorporation with type I collagen, dexamethasone and rhTGF-β1 MPCs reduced levels of aggrecan, and Sox9 mRNA, and showed no type II collagen mRNA. Altogether, these results indicate that type I and II collagen, in addition to the cytokine effect, may play a functional role in regulating of chondrogenic differentiation by MPCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-453
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


  • Chondrogenic differentiation
  • Collagen
  • Dexamethasone
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Mesenchymal progenitor cells
  • TGF-beta;1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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