Tuning perovskite morphology by polymer additive for high efficiency solar cell

Chih Yu Chang, Cheng Ya Chu, Yu Ching Huang, Chien Wen Huang, Shuang Yuan Chang, Chien An Chen, Chi Yang Chao, Wei Fang Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

298 Citations (Scopus)


Solution processable planar heterojunction perovskite solar cell is a very promising new technology for low cost renewable energy. One of the most common cell structures is FTO/TiO 2 /CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3-x Cl x /spiro-OMeTAD/Au. The main issues of this type of solar cell are the poor coverage and morphology control of the perovskite CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3-x Cl x film on TiO 2 . For the first time, we demonstrate that the problems can be easily resolved by using a polymer additive in perovskite precursor solution during the film formation process. A 25% increase in power conversion efficiency at a value of 13.2% is achieved by adding 1 wt % of poly(ethylene glycol) in the perovskite layer using a 150 °C processed TiO 2 nanoparticle layer. The morphology of this new perovskite was carefully studied by SEM, XRD, and AFM. The results reveal that the additive controls the size and aggregation of perovskite crystals and helps the formation of smooth film over TiO 2 completely. Thus, the V oc and J sc are greatly increased for a high efficiency solar cell. The amount of additive is optimized at 1 wt % due to its insulating characteristics. This research provides a facile way to fabricate a high efficiency perovskite solar cell by the low temperature solution process (<150 °C), which has the advancement of conserving energy over the traditional high temperature sintering TiO 2 compact layer device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4955-4961
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • coverage
  • morphology
  • perovskite solar cells
  • polymer additive
  • solution process
  • TiO nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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