This project was designed to examine the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Taiwan. A total of 58,563 cases of TBI was collected from 114 hospitals in Taiwan during the period July 1, 1988-June 30, 1994. Traffic accident was the major cause of TBI (69.4%), followed by falls and assaults. Motorcyclists accounted for the vast majority of TBI cases among traffic accident victims (64.5%). The Glasgow Coma Scale was used in assessing the severity. 41,646 cases (79.5%) were considered mild, 4,637 cases (8.9%) moderate, and 6,078 cases (11.6%) severe. Skull x-ray showed fracture in 7,663 cases (14.6%). Intracranial hemorrhage was identified in 28.6% of patients receiving CT scanning. Craniotomy was performed in 5,226 cases (9%). The outcome of TBI was determined by the Glasgow Outcome Scale. Death occurred in 2,621 cases (5.4%), vegetative state in 429 cases (0.9%), severe disability in 1,293 cases (2.6%), moderate disability in 1,890 cases (3.9%), and good recovery in 42,596 cases (87.2%). The severity and outcome were worse than those of Western reports. In order to alleviate this problem, a helmet use persuasion program was conducted by the Police Department in Taipei City from January to June, 1994. Results of this program showed a significant reduction of TBI-related hospitalization, severity and fatality during this period of intervention. This study points out the seriousness of TBI in Taiwan and suggests some approaches and priorities for prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-264
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Helmet use
  • Registry
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • General Neuroscience


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