Totally laparoscopic radical bii gastrectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer: A comparison with open surgery

Wei Jei Lee, Weu Wang, Tai Chi Chen, Jung Chieh Chen, Kong Han Ser

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Laparoscopically assisted distal gastrectomy has been used for distal part early gastric cancer resection. However, use of totally laparoscopic gastric cancer resection remains limited because of technical problems, especially when standard D2 nodal dissection was applied. We had reported the first totally laparoscopic Billroth II (BII) subtotal gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy for early gastric cancer in the year 1998. The aim of this study is to determine whether this procedure is superior to conventional open technique. Methods: The clinical course of 34 consecutive patients who underwent totally laparoscopic BII gastrectomy using an upper to lower, right to left, and clockwise quadrant-to-quadrant technique was compared with 34 sex-matched and age-matched patients who underwent open gastrectomy. Main outcome measures included operative time, blood loss, length of stay, morbidity and mortality, adequacy of lymphadenectomy, and long-term outcome. Results: In the laparoscopic group, all the operations were completed by laparoscopic technique, but 1 patient required secondary laparotomy for total gastrectomy owing to inadequate resection margin. There was no operation mortality in this study. The postoperative complication rates were similar in these 2 groups. The mean operative time for laparoscopic group was 283 ± 122 minutes (range: 186 to 480 min), significantly longer than the 195 ± 26 minutes in the conventional group (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-374
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008


  • BII
  • D2 gastrectomy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Laparoscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)


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