BACKGROUND/AIM: Stem cell therapy and regenerative medicine are promising for treating Parkinson's disease (PD) not only for the potential for cell replacement but also for the paracrine effect of stem cell secretion, especially proteins and nucleotide-enriched exosomes. This study investigated the neuroprotective effect of exosomes secreted from human adipocyte-derived stem cells (hADSCs) on PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: hADSCs were isolated from the visceral fat tissue of individuals without PD who underwent bariatric surgery and were validated using surface markers and differentiation ability. Exosomes were isolated from the culture medium of hADSCs through serial ultracentrifugation and validated. Condensed exosomes were administered intravenously to 12-week-old MitoPark mice, transgenic parkinsonism mouse model with conditional knockout of mitochondrial transcription factor A in dopaminergic neurons, monthly for 3 months. Motor function, gait, and memory were assessed monthly, and immunohistochemical analysis of neuronal and inflammatory markers was performed at the end of the experiments. RESULTS: The hADSC-derived exosome-treated mice exhibited better motor function in beam walking and gait analyses than did the untreated mice. In the novel object recognition tests, the exosome-treated mice retained better memory function. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that although exosome treatment did not prevent the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of mice, it down-regulated microglial activation and neuroinflammation in the midbrain. CONCLUSION: hADSC-derived exosomes were neuroprotective in this in vivo mouse model of PD, likely because of their anti-inflammatory effect. Use of hADSC-derived exosomes may offer several beneficial effects in stem cell therapy. Since they can also be produced at an industrial level, they are a promising treatment option for PD and other neurodegenerative diseases.
- adipocyte-derived stem cells
- Parkinson’s disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cancer Research