The Transverse Mechanical Axis of the Pelvis for Post-Operative Evaluation of Total Hip Arthroplasty

Cheng Jui Tsai, Zong Yan Yang, Tai Yin Wu, Ya Ting Tsai, Juyn Jhe Wang, Chen Kun Liaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Currently, orthopedic surgeons mainly use the inter-teardrop line (IT-line) as the transverse mechanical axis of the pelvis (TAP) for postoperative evaluation of total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the teardrop is often unclear in the pelvis anteroposterior (AP) radiographs, which makes postoperative evaluation of THA difficult. In this study, we attempted to identify other clear and accurate axes for postoperative evaluation of THA. We calculated the mean and standard deviation of these angles and tested the significance of these angles using t-tests. The inter-teardrops line (IT line) and the upper rim of the obturator foramen (UOF) had smaller angles with the IFH line. The bi-ischial line (BI line) was relatively inaccurate in measurements. We recommend using the IT line as the TAP when the lower boundary of the teardrops is clear and the shapes of the teardrops on both sides of the pelvis are symmetrical. When there is no deformation of the obturator foramen on pelvic AP radiographs, the UOF is also a good choice for the TAP. We do not recommend the BI line as the TAP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1397
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • acetabular components
  • acetabular teardrop
  • hip rotation center
  • iliac crest
  • ischial tuberosity
  • limb length discrepancy (LLD)
  • obturator foramen
  • pelvic axis
  • pelvis anteroposterior radiographs
  • postoperative evaluation
  • total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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