The Titrated Mannitol Improved Central [99mTc] Tc TRODAT-1 Uptake in an Animal Model—A Clinically Feasible Application

Kang Wei Chang, Po Ling Chang, Chi Jung Tsai, Ya Ju Tsai, Ping Hsiu Wu, Hsin Lun Lee, Yu Hua Lai, Ching Yee Oliver Wong, Wen Sheng Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


[99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 is a widely used single photon emission tomography (SPECT) radiopharmaceutical in Asian practice for early detection of central dopaminergic disorders. However, its imaging quality remains sub-optimal. To overcome this problem, mannitol, an osmotic agent was used to observe its effect on improving striatal [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 uptake in rat brain by titrated human dosages to investigate a clinically feasible way to improve human imaging quality. [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 synthesis and quality control were performed as described. Sprague–Dawley rats were used for this study. The animal in vivo nanoSPECT/CT and ex vivo autoradiography were employed to observe and verify the striatal [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 uptake in rat brains using clinically equivalent doses (i.e., 0, 1 and 2 mL groups, each n = 5) of mannitol (20% w/v, equivalent to 200 mg/mL) by an intravenous administration. Specific binding ratios (SBRs) were calculated to express the central striatal uptake in different experimental groups. In the NanoSPECT/CT imaging, the highest SBRs of striatal [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 were reached at 75–90 min post-injection. The averaged striatal SBRs were 0.85 ± 0.13 (2 mL normal saline, the control group), 0.94 ± 0.26 (1 mL mannitol group) and 1.36 ± 0.12 (2 mL mannitol group, p < 0.01 which were significantly different than the control as well as 1 mL mannitol groups (p < 0.05). The SBRs from ex vivo autoradiography also showed a comparable trend of the striatal [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 uptake in the 2 mL, 1 mL mannitol and the control groups (1.76 ± 0.52, 0.91 ± 0.29, and 0.21 ± 0.03, respectively, p < 0.05). No remarkable changes of vital signs were found in the mannitol groups and the controls. Pre-treated mannitol revealed a significant increase of the central striatal [99mTc]Tc TRODAT-1 uptake in a rat model which not only enabled us to perform pre-clinical studies of dopaminergic related disorders but also provided a potential way to further optimize image quality in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3773
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • mannitol
  • specific binding ratios (SBRs)
  • Tc-99m TRODAT-1 SPECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'The Titrated Mannitol Improved Central [99mTc] Tc TRODAT-1 Uptake in an Animal Model—A Clinically Feasible Application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this