The spatiotemporal distributions and determinants of ambient fungal spores in the Greater Taipei area

Kraiwuth Kallawicha, Ying Jie Tsai, Ying Chih Chuang, Shih Chun Candice Lung, Chih Da Wu, Tsun Hsuan Chen, Pang Cheng Chen, Chuphan Chompuchan, Hsing Jasmine Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Airborne fungal spores, a type of bioaerosols, are significant air pollutants. We conducted a study to determine the spatiotemporal distributions of ambient fungi in the Greater Taipei area and develop land use regression (LUR) models for total and major fungal taxa. Four seasonal sampling campaigns were conducted over a year at 44 representative sites. Multiple regressions were performed to construct the LUR models. Ascospores were the most prevalent category, followed by Aspergillus/Penicillium, basidiospores, and Cladosporium. The highest fungal concentrations were found in spring. According to the LUR models, higher concentrations of Aspergillus/Penicillium and basidiospores were respectively present in residential/commercial areas and in areas with shorter road lengths. Various meteorological factors, particulates with aerodynamic diameters of ≤10 μm, and elevation also had significant relationships with fungal concentrations. The LUR models developed in this study can be used to assess spatiotemporal fungal distribution in the Greater Taipei area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2015


  • Air pollution Bioaerosols Fungal spores Land use regression (LUR) Geographic information system (GIS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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