Magnets have been widely used in dentistry for orthodontic tooth movement and denture retention. Nevertheless, criticisms have arisen regarding the biosafety of static magnetic field (SMF) effects on surrounding tissues. Various controversial pieces of evidence have been discussed regarding SMFs on cellular biophysics, but little consensus has been reached, especially in the field of dentistry. Thus, the present paper will first review the safe use of SMFs in the oral cavity and as an additive therapy to orthodontic tooth movement and periodontium regeneration. Then, studies regarding SMF-incorporated implants are reviewed to investigate the advantageous effects of SMFs on osseointegration and the underlying mechanisms. Finally, a review of current developments in dentistry surrounding the combination of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and SMFs is made to clarify potential future clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2662
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Cytotoxicity
  • Differentiation
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Magneto-mechanotrasduction
  • Oral tissue
  • Proliferation
  • Static magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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