The impact of national health insurance on the notification of tuberculosis in Taiwan

Chen Yuan Chiang, D. A. Enarson, S. L. Yang, J. Suo, T. P. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


SETTING: General notification of tuberculosis in Taiwan. OBJECTIVES: To ensure the completeness of notification of tuberculosis (TB) in Taiwan, the Bureau of National Health Insurance (NHI) introduced two policies in 1997: 1) the no-notification-no-reimbursement (NNNR) policy, and 2) the notification-fee (NF) policy. The goals of this study were to investigate the impact of the NNNR and NF policies on notification of TB. DESIGN: Review of all cases notified to the National TB Register from 1995 to 1999 to determine calendar trend, type of case and source of notification. RESULTS: There were 11 453 and 13 612 reported cases in 1995 and 1996, respectively. Following the implementation of the NHI policies, there was a 47% increase in 1997, with 20 021 reported cases. Quarterly reporting of cases reached a historic peak in the third quarter of 1997. The increase in reported cases was mainly from general hospitals/clinics. Since 1998, the number of reported cases has declined steadily, at a rate of 7% and 3% in 1998 and 1999, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The NNNR and NF policies had a significant impact on notification of TB in Taiwan. These policies substantially improved completeness of reporting, an observation with implications for surveillance of other reported diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-979
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Insurance
  • Notification
  • Taiwan
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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