The Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on One-Year Mortality in Patients with Severe Lower Extremity Arterial Disease

Min I. Su, Ying Chih Cheng, Yu Chen Huang, Cheng Wei Liu

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Atrial fibrillation (Afib) is associated with the presence of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD), but its effect on a severe LEAD prognosis remains unclear. We investigated the association between Afib and clinical outcomes. We retrospectively enrolled consecutive severe LEAD patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2018. Patients were divided according to the history of any type of Afib and followed for at least one year. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were cardiac-related mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). The study included 222 patients aged 74 ± 11 years (54% male), and 12.6% had acute limb ischemia. The Afib group had significantly higher rates of all-cause mortality (42.9% vs. 20.1%, p = 0.014) and MACEs (32.1% vs. 14.4%, p = 0.028) than the non-Afib group. Afib was independently associated with all-cause mortality (adjusted HR: 2.153, 95% CI: 1.084–4.276, p = 0.029) and MACEs (adjusted HR: 2.338, 95% CI: 1.054–2.188, p = 0.037). The other factors associated with all-cause mortality included acute limb ischemia (adjusted HR: 2.898, 95% CI: 1.504–5.586, p = 0.001), Rutherford classification, and heart rate. Afib was significantly associated with increased risks of one-year all-cause mortality and MACEs in patients with severe LEAD. Future studies should investigate whether oral anticoagulants benefit these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1936
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2022


  • atrial fibrillation
  • lower extremity arterial disease
  • mortality
  • percutaneous transluminal angioplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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