The harmful effects of overlooking acute bacterial prostatitis

Youngmin Yang, Katsumi Shigemura, Koki Maeda, Michika Moriwaki, Kuan Chou Chen, Yuzo Nakano, Masato Fujisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Prostatitis is a major urological disease affecting 25%–50% of men over their lifetime. However, prostatitis is often overlooked in nonurologic departments due to its sometimes indeterminate symptoms. In this review, we describe how to recognize and treat acute bacterial prostatitis, which manifests as a clinical problem in other departments as well as urology, to help prevent this disease from being overlooked. There are several possible negative effects of not recognizing acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP). First, initial treatment can fail. In the hyperacute phase, common antibiotics are often effective, but in rare cases, such antibiotics may not be effective. In addition, once ABP progresses to form a prostate abscess, potentially avoidable surgical interventions are often needed. A second issue is the transition to chronic prostatitis. If chronic bacterial prostatitis progresses, treatment requires long-term antibiotic administration and the response rate is not high. Some patients may have to deal with urinary tract infections for the rest of their lives. Finally, there is the problem of overlooking the underlying disease. ABP is rare in healthy adult men without underlying disease, including sexually transmitted diseases as well as benign prostatic hyperplasia, urinary stones, and malignant tumors, and may not be obvious. When examining patients with fever of unknown origin, it is necessary to exclude not only infectious diseases but also collagen diseases and malignant tumors. If there are any doubts, we recommend a rectal exam and consultation with a urologist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-463
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Issue number5
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • acute bacterial prostatitis
  • chronic prostatitis
  • prostate abscess

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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