The First Hybrid International Educational Comprehensive Cleft Care Workshop

Rami S. Kantar, Elçin Esenlik, Omar S. Al Abyad, Antonio Melhem, Robert A. Younan, Mario Haddad, Kristen Keith, Serena Kassam, Beyhan Annan, Charanya Vijayakumar, Arnaud Picard, Bonnie L. Padwa, Brian Sommerlad, Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Christopher R. Forrest, David A. Gillett, Derek M. Steinbacher, Christopher M. Runyan, Daniela Y.S. Tanikawa, David K. ChongDavid M. Fisher, Hans Mark, Halil Ibrahim Canter, Joseph E. Losee, Krishna G. Patel, Larry D. Hartzell, Adam B. Johnson, Marcus Vinícius Martins Collares, Nivaldo Alonso, Philip Kuo Ting Chen, Raymond Tse, Robert J. Mann, Jose Rolando Prada-Madrid, Shinji Kobayashi, Syed Altaf Hussain, Ann Kummer, Debbie A. Sell, Valerie J. Pereira, Kelly Mabry, Courtney K. Gonsoulin, Martin Persson, Gareth Davies, Navil F. Sethna, Jennifer C. Munoz-Pareja, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Barry H. Grayson, Bruno Grollemund, Daniela G. Garib, Maria Costanza Meazzini, Om P. Kharbanda, Pedro E. Santiago, Prasad Nalabothu, Puneet Batra, Erin Stieber, Dushyant Prasad, Hugh Brewster, Ruben Ayala, Elif Erbay, M. Okan Akcam, J. Peter W. Don Griot, Raj M. Vyas, Roberto L. Flores, Corstiaan C. Breugem, Usama S. Hamdan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Describe the first hybrid global simulation-based comprehensive cleft care workshop, evaluate impact on participants, and compare experiences based on in-person versus virtual attendance. Design: Cross-sectional survey-based evaluation. Setting: International comprehensive cleft care workshop. Participants: Total of 489 participants. Interventions: Three-day simulation-based hybrid comprehensive cleft care workshop. Main Outcome Measures: Participant demographic data, perceived barriers and interventions needed for global comprehensive cleft care delivery, participant workshop satisfaction, and perceived short-term impact on practice stratified by in-person versus virtual attendance. Results: The workshop included 489 participants from 5 continents. The response rate was 39.9%. Participants perceived financial factors (30.3%) the most significant barrier and improvement in training (39.8%) as the most important intervention to overcome barriers facing cleft care delivery in low to middle-income countries. All participants reported a high level of satisfaction with the workshop and a strong positive perceived short-term impact on their practice. Importantly, while this was true for both in-person and virtual attendees, in-person attendees reported a significantly higher satisfaction with the workshop (28.63 ± 3.08 vs 27.63 ± 3.93; P =.04) and perceived impact on their clinical practice (22.37 ± 3.42 vs 21.02 ± 3.45 P =.01). Conclusion: Hybrid simulation-based educational comprehensive cleft care workshops are overall well received by participants and have a positive perceived impact on their clinical practices. In-person attendance is associated with significantly higher satisfaction and perceived impact on practice. Considering that financial and health constraints may limit live meeting attendance, future efforts will focus on making in-person and virtual attendance more comparable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • craniofacial morphology
  • dental health
  • epidemiology
  • ethics/health policies
  • hard palate
  • lip form
  • lip function
  • nonsyndromic clefting
  • nursing
  • nutrition
  • oral health
  • palatoplasty
  • pediatrics
  • soft palate
  • surgical technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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