The evaluation of thermal properties and in vitro test of carbodiimide or glutaraldehyde cross-linked gelatin for PC 12 cells culture

Pei Ru Chen, Pei Leun Kang, Wen Yu Su, Feng Huei Lin, Ming Hong Chen

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13 Citations (Scopus)


The thermal and degradable properties of carbodiimide (EDC) or glutaraldehyde (GTA) cross-linked gelatin membranes have been investigated in order to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of two kinds of cross-linking reagent on the stability of membranes. In the thermogram recorded from a gelatin membrane cross-linked with EDC solution, the endothermic peak of 0.8% EDC cross-linking gelatin was centered at about 61°C Jthat was higher than other samples treated with EDC solutions. Denaturation temperature (Td) of gelatin samples increased on increasing EDC concentration (0.2% to 0.8%), in agreement with the simultaneous increased of the extent of cross-linking. But increasing GTA concentration from 0.05% to 0.6%, the Td values of gelatin samples were decreased from 66.2°C to 56.3°C. In addition, two endothermic peaks were observed in 0.4% and 0.6% GTA cross-linking groups because of the GTA concentration was too high to complete cross-linking reaction. Therefore, partial of gelatin membrane was cross-linked completely but others were not. In the thermogravimetric analysis, the proportion of cracking endothermic peak of 0.6% GTA cross-linking gelatin (g!5G0.6) was higher than the peak of 0.6% EDC cross-linking gelatin (g15C0.6). Therefore, g15G0.6 cracked to smaller molecules has to absorb more calorific capacity than g15C0.6. The increase in the strength of covalent binding on increasing the proportion of endothermic peak was evident. The results of degradable rate were in agreement with the lower concentration of cross-linked reagent the faster degraded rate of gelatin membrane. The MTT assay showed that 15% gelatin cross-linked by 0.8% EDC has the least cytotoxicity, and cell activity of this group was similar to control group (blank dish). As the concentration of GTA in gelatin membranes was down to 0.05% or 0.1% the cell viability was returned to approach the value of control group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 25 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbodiimide
  • Cross-linking
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Thermal property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering


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