The Epidemiology of Benign Voice Disorders in Taiwan: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Ying Ta Lai, Yuan Hung Wang, Yu Chun Yen, Tzu Yun Yu, Pin Zhir Chao, Fei Peng Lee, Seth Dailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Because there are few population-based studies regarding the epidemiology of benign voice diseases, the present study used a nationwide population-based claims database (the National Health Insurance Research Database) to investigate the epidemiology of benign voice diseases among the general adult population in Taiwan. Methods: Study participants were retrieved for those patients who were 20 to 90 years old with a diagnosis of benign voice diseases that were defined by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes from 2006 to 2014. Patient visits were grouped into infectious (ICD-9-CM: 012.3, 032.3, 034.0, 090.5, 095.8,101, 464.0, 464.20, 464.21, 465.x, 476.0, 476.1) and noninfectious (ICD-9-CM: 306.1, 478.3x, 478.4, 478.5, 748.3, 784.4x) dysphonia groups. Results: Benign voice disorders have a prevalence of approximately 3.6% in Taiwan as of 2014. The year-to-year prevalence decreased gradually in the query period. Infectious dysphonia diagnoses were higher than noninfectious ones. Dysphonia caused by noninfectious diagnoses was most prevalent in the 60 to 79 years age group. Dysphonia caused by infectious diagnoses was highest in 20 to 39 years group. Noninfectious dysphonia diagnoses were more common in women. Conclusion: The prevalence of voice disorders among the adult population in Taiwan was 3.6% in 2014. Voice disorders are more common in women and occur primarily in the 20 to 39 years age group. Infectious dysphonia is more common than noninfectious dysphonia. The results may be underestimated due to limitation of the database. This is the first population-based epidemiology study of adult voice disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019


  • benign voice disorders
  • claims database
  • dysphonia
  • epidemiology
  • miscellaneous
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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