The EPCOR model: A model for promoting the successful implementation of evidence-based nursing in hospital-based settings

Mei Yeh Wang, Ching Chiu Kao, Chiou Fen Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: An effective organizational infrastructure is essential to successfully implement and sustain an evidence-based nursing (EBN) practice. Although EBN has been promoted in Taiwan for more than 10 years, variations in the organizational policies and strategies necessary to support EBN among healthcare organizations have prevented effective implementation. Barriers to the implementation of EBN located at the organizational level have also been reported. The need for a model that focuses on the organizational infrastructure to promote EBN in Taiwan has therefore become increasingly apparent. Purpose: This study aims to develop a model that contains the key contextual elements of organizational infrastructure necessary to effectively promote EBN, especially in hospital settings. Methods: A steering committee drafted the components and related strategies of the proposed model. Delphi technique was used to obtain consensus on the proposed model among a group of experts with expertise in EBN. Thirty experts participated in all three rounds of the Delphi survey. To confirm the appropriateness of the proposed model for clinical settings, the model was further reviewed by a focus group composed of experts with experience in implementing EBN or evidence-based medicine in hospitals. The strategies were then further modified based on the suggestions of this focus group, and only those strategies that best fit hospital settings were retained. Results: Five key contextual elements and related strategic processes were identified, including equipment, policy, training courses, outcome indicators, and reward plans. The resultant model was named EPCOR, an acronym composed of the names of each identified element. Conclusions/Implications for Practice: EPCOR is a comprehensive model of organizational infrastructure and strategic procedures for implementing EBN in hospital-based settings in Taiwan. Organizations may use the EPCOR model to initiate and implement EBN practices and then to evaluate their effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nursing Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Delphi technique
  • evidence-based nursing
  • organizational infrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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