The effects of incretin-based therapies on weight reduction and metabolic parameters in children with obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jian Ying Wang, Jyun Wei Kang, Chih Yuan Wu, Tzu Rong Peng, Ling Mei Liao, Ming Chia Lee, Jen Ai Lee, Shih Ming Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Growing evidence indicates that incretin-based therapies (IBTs), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4is) are effective and safe for treating pediatric obesity patients with or without type 2 diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis for updating current evidence. Methods: We searched the PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the EMBASE database for articles published until September 15, 2023, and limited to randomized control trials. The primary outcomes were changed from baseline in weight metrics and the cardiometabolic profile. A random effects model will be used, as high heterogeneity is expected. All analyses were performed using STATA 17.0. Results: Fifteen trials with a total number of 1286 participants were included in our meta-analysis. Overall, the mean difference in weight change between the IBTs group and the control group was −2.89 kg (95% confidence interval, −5.12 to −0.65, p = 0.011). Additionally, IBTs significantly reduced the HbA1c level and fasting plasma glucose by 0.37% and 6.99 mg/dl, compared with control groups. IBTs showed a little increased risk of GI side effects and hypoglycemia events, but none of the severe hypoglycemia events were occurred in IBTs group. Conclusions: Our study results have proved that GLP-1 RAs are safe, acceptable, and effective in weight reduction and sugar control for children with obesity. In addition, DPP-4is seems to have no effect on glycemic control and weight loss in childhood obesity. Further research is needed to confirm these findings, especially in younger children.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13686
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • childhood obesity, T2D
  • DPP-4
  • GLP-1
  • incretin-based therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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