The effects of adding alkan-1-ols to surfactant-silicate gels during the synthesis of mesoporous silica MCM-41 are reported. Upon adding an optimal amount of medium carbon chain length alkan-1-ols (C(m)H(2m+1)OH, C(m)OH; m≥4) to quaternary ammonium halides C(n)H(2n+1)TMAX (n=10-14, C(n)TMAX, X=Br or C1)-silicate systems, a marked improvement in the hexagonal order and the morphology of the synthesized MCM-41 materials was found. The optimal amount of added C(m)H(2m+1)OH for the formation of well ordered hexagonal structure was found to decrease with increasing carbon chain length of the C(n)H(2n+1)TMAX surfactant and C(m)H(2m+1)OH. However, when an excessive amount of alcohol is added, the mesostructure obtained from the longer carbon chain length C(n)H(2n+1)TMAX-silicate (n≥12) systems becomes lamellar. The addition of C(m)OH (m≥4) offers a new synthetic approach to form lamellar-hexagonal liquid crystal intermediates necessary for synthesizing tubules-within-tubule (TWT) hierarchical structures whose morphology and size can be controlled by varying the water content and the C(m)H(2m+1)OH/surfactant ratio.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry