The characteristics and distribution of dental anomalies in patients with cleft

Ting Ting Wu, Philip K.T. Chen, Lun Jou Lo, Min Chi Cheng, Ellen Wen Ching Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Dental anomalies associated with different severities of cleft lip and palate have been rarely reported. This retrospective study investigates the characteristics of dental anomalies associated with different types of cleft, and compares the dental anomaly traits based on sex and severity of cleft. Methods: Cleft patients born in 1995 with qualified diagnostic records from 7 to 11 years were included for evaluation. Records were retrieved from database of Chang Gung Craniofacial Center, including panoramic radiographs and intraoral photographs. In total, 196 patients with complete records were included in the evaluation. This study compares the dental anomalies associated with each type of cleft. Results: The frequency of dental anomalies in the maxillary incisor area in the cleft palate (CP) group (20%) was significantly lower than that in other groups. The frequency of missing maxillary lateral incisors (MLIs) increased as the cleft severity increased. Supernumerary teeth and missing lower incisors exhibited the opposite trend. No sexual dimorphism appeared in terms of the frequencies of peg laterals and missing MLIs. The distribution patterns of missing MLIs and peg laterals in males, but not in females, were consistent for the three types of unilateral clefts. Conclusion: Regarding the characteristics of dental anomalies among the three unilateral clefts, missing MLIs, supernumerary teeth, and missing lower incisors were found to be related to cleft severity. The maxillary lateral incisor was the most affected tooth in the cleft area. The frequency of missing MLIs and peg laterals was not sexual dimorphic, but the distribution pattern was different between the sexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-314
Number of pages9
JournalChang Gung Medical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Congenital tooth missing
  • Dental anomaly
  • Peg lateral
  • Supernumerary teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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